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丹尼士文摘 | 10th Dec 2009, 5:21 | 哲人篇(丹尼士文摘) | (673 Reads)

「做一個有人性的人,同時變成一個用盡自己潛質可以達致的人,是人生的唯一目標。」
出處:信報
作者:哲學家斯賓諾沙(Baruch Spinoza)
日期:2008/2/27

All happiness or unhappiness solely depends upon the quality of the object to which we are attached by love.
Baruch Spinoza

All noble things are as difficult as they are rare.
Baruch Spinoza

All things excellent are as difficult as they are rare.
Baruch Spinoza

Ambition is the immoderate desire for power.
Baruch Spinoza

Be not astonished at new ideas; for it is well known to you that a thing does not therefore cease to be true because it is not accepted by many.
Baruch Spinoza

Blessedness is not the reward of virtue but virtue itself.
Baruch Spinoza

Desire is the essence of a man.
Baruch Spinoza

Desire is the very essence of man.
Baruch Spinoza

Do not weep; do not wax indignant. Understand.
Baruch Spinoza

Fame has also this great drawback, that if we pursue it, we must direct our lives so as to please the fancy of men.
Baruch Spinoza

Fear cannot be without hope nor hope without fear.
Baruch Spinoza

For peace is not mere absence of war, but is a virtue that springs from, a state of mind, a disposition for benevolence, confidence, justice.
Baruch Spinoza

Freedom is absolutely necessary for the progress in science and the liberal arts.
Baruch Spinoza

God is the indwelling and not the transient cause of all things.
Baruch Spinoza

Happiness is a virtue, not its reward.
Baruch Spinoza

He alone is free who lives with free consent under the entire guidance of reason.
Baruch Spinoza

How would it be possible if salvation were ready to our hand, and could without great labor be found, that it should be by almost all men neglected? But all things excellent are as difficult as they are rare.
Baruch Spinoza

I call him free who is led solely by reason.
Baruch Spinoza

I do not know how to teach philosophy without becoming a disturber of established religion.
Baruch Spinoza

I have made a ceaseless effort not to ridicule, not to bewail, not to scorn human actions, but to understand them.
Baruch Spinoza

I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.
Baruch Spinoza

I would warn you that I do not attribute to nature either beauty or deformity, order or confusion. Only in relation to our imagination can things be called beautiful or ugly, well-ordered or confused.
Baruch Spinoza

If men were born free, they would, so long as they remained free, form no conception of good and evil.
Baruch Spinoza

If you want the present to be different from the past, study the past.
Baruch Spinoza

It may easily come to pass that a vain man may become proud and imagine himself pleasing to all when he is in reality a universal nuisance.
Baruch Spinoza

Men govern nothing with more difficulty than their tongues, and can moderate their desires more than their words.
Baruch Spinoza

None are more taken in by flattery than the proud, who wish to be the first and are not.
Baruch Spinoza

Nothing exists from whose nature some effect does not follow.
Baruch Spinoza

Nothing in the universe is contingent, but all things are conditioned to exist and operate in a particular manner by the necessity of the divine nature.
Baruch Spinoza

One and the same thing can at the same time be good, bad, and indifferent, e.g., music is good to the melancholy, bad to those who mourn, and neither good nor bad to the deaf.
Baruch Spinoza

Only that thing is free which exists by the necessities of its own nature, and is determined in its actions by itself alone.
Baruch Spinoza

Peace is not an absence of war, it is a virtue, a state of mind, a disposition for benevolence, confidence, justice.
Baruch Spinoza

Peace is not the absence of war, but a virtue based on strength of character.
Baruch Spinoza

Pride is pleasure arising from a man's thinking too highly of himself.
Baruch Spinoza

Self-complacency is pleasure accompanied by the idea of oneself as cause.
Baruch Spinoza

Sin cannot be conceived in a natural state, but only in a civil state, where it is decreed by common consent what is good or bad.
Baruch Spinoza

So long as a man imagines that he cannot do this or that, so long as he is determined not to do it; and consequently so long as it is impossible to him that he should do it.
Baruch Spinoza

The endeavor to understand is the first and only basis of virtue.
Baruch Spinoza

The greatest pride, or the greatest despondency, is the greatest ignorance of one's self.
Baruch Spinoza

The highest activity a human being can attain is learning for understanding, because to understand is to be free.
Baruch Spinoza

The world would be happier if men had the same capacity to be silent that they have to speak.
Baruch Spinoza

There is no hope unmingled with fear, and no fear unmingled with hope.
Baruch Spinoza

Those who are believed to be most abject and humble are usually most ambitious and envious.
Baruch Spinoza

True virtue is life under the direction of reason.
Baruch Spinoza

We feel and know that we are eternal.
Baruch Spinoza

Whatsoever is contrary to nature is contrary to reason, and whatsoever is contrary to reason is absurd.
Baruch Spinoza

Whatsoever is, is in God, and without God nothing can be, or be conceived.
Baruch Spinoza

Will and intellect are one and the same thing.
Baruch Spinoza

Baruch de Spinoza (Hebrew: ברוך שפינוזה‎, Portuguese: Bento de Espinosa, Latin: Benedictus de Spinoza) (November 24, 1632 – February 21, 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Jewish origin. Revealing considerable scientific aptitude, the breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until years after his death. Today, he is considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy, laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism. By virtue of his magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, Spinoza is also considered one of Western philosophy's definitive ethicists.

Spinoza lived quietly as a lens grinder, turning down rewards and honours throughout his life, including prestigious teaching positions, and gave his family inheritance to his sister. Spinoza's moral character and philosophical accomplishments prompted 20th-century philosopher Gilles Deleuze to name him "The absolute philosopher" (Deleuze, 1990). Spinoza died in February 1677 of a lung illness, perhaps tuberculosis or silicosis caused by fine glass dust inhaled while tending to his trade.

 



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